Position of women in India, past and present!

The more the deities in various names, forms and figures are worshipped, the more the common Indian women are exposed to humiliation, exploitation and incessant torture by the common men in the country.

Position of Indian women during the Sangam period, South India!During the Sangam Age India in the southern part was ruled by three dynasties, namely, the Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas. The main source of information about these kingdoms is traced from the literary works of Sangam Period.

During the Sangam Age India in the southern part was ruled by three dynasties, namely, the Cheras, Cholas and Pandyas. The main source of information about these kingdoms is traced from the literary works of Sangam Period.

The Sangam literature describes the position of women in ancient Tamil society. In the Sangam age women were treated with special consideration. The natural faminine qualities such as Achcham, Madam and Naanam were insisted in the Sangam literature. Chastity was considered the most important virtue for women.The women enjoyed the freedom to choose their life partners during the Sangam period and love making had been elaborately accepted and had a well recognised position in that period.

Women treated their husbands as equivalent to God during the Sangam period. They were not permitted to remarry and inherit property. “Sati pratha” (custom of self-immolation at the death of one’s husband) was not generally prevalent during this period. However, some women from the royal family indulged in the practice of Sati. According to the Sangam literature women had to play different roles in the family such as a dutiful wife, responsible mother and an ideal hostess to guests. Women were given the right to education. Many women poets like Avvaiyar, Kakkai Padiniyar and Nachchellaiyar, whose verses were popular found in the Sangam literature.

The status of Hindu women in India has always faced fluctuations. It has gone through several changes during various historical stages
At times women have been suppressed and oppressed and also were often regarded as the deity of the home. From the Vedic age till today the status and position of Indian women have been changing with the passing of time.

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